Synoptic Aspects of the Eastern Mediterranean Explosive Cyclogenesis of 22 January 2004
The synoptic environment of the Eastern Mediterranean explosive cyclogenesis (ECG) of 22 January 2004, is described from a Sutcliffe-type viewpoint. ECG lasted 30 h. It began as warm-frontal cyclogenesis, forced by the advection of a cold and cyclonically rotating upper air mass, above an unstable marine boundary layer. The cold air mass was cut off its polar reservoir 2 days before ECG, followed a route above the Iberian Peninsula and the Sahara desert and approached the Libyan Sea from the southwest. When the bomb entered the Eastern Mediterranean, an arctic-type front penetrated from the north and turned the former into an intense frontal cyclone.
KeywordsCold Front Moist Convection Warm Front Warm Sector Baroclinic Zone
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