Precipitation and Evapotranspiration

  • Robert Maliva
  • Thomas Missimer
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Local water budgets in arid regions are dominated by precipitation and evapotranspiration. Vadose zone interflow is a minor component of local water budgets and typically recharge rates are only a small percentage of rainfall. However, the paucity of vegetation and the occurrence of surface crusts in arid and semi-arid regions results in low soil-infiltration rates, which combined with high-intensity, short-duration convective rainfall, favor runoff. Overland flow, concentrated by topography, converges on wadi channel networks, tends to result in flood flow. Arid lands are, thus, prone to flash floods, which can he highly destructive and frequently result in loss of life. In flat-lying areas virtually all precipitation that falls in inter-channel areas may be lost to evapotranspiration.

Keywords

Latent Heat Flux Rain Gauge Time Domain Reflectometry Soil Heat Flux Rain Gauge Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Maliva
    • 1
  • Thomas Missimer
    • 2
  1. 1.Schlumberger Water ServicesFort MyersUSA
  2. 2. Water Desalination and Reuse CenterKing Abdullah University of Science and TechnologyThuwalSaudi Arabia

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