Lightweight Integrity for XOR Network Coding in Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Kazuya Izawa
  • Atsuko Miyaji
  • Kazumasa Omote
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7232)

Abstract

In INFOCOM 2009, Yu, Wei, Ramkumar and Guan have proposed the novel mechanism (called Yu’s scheme), in which a forwarder can filter polluted messages before spreading the pollution in the XOR network coding systems. In order to perform such filtering, two or more message authentication codes (MACs) are used for this scheme. However, Yu’s scheme has a problem that the number of MACs increases at every coding point, since it cannot operate MACs with the XOR network coding. This means that the MAC of Yu’s scheme does not have homomorphic property.

In this paper, we propose the first symmetric-key-based scheme not only to filter polluted messages but also to operate MACs with the XOR network coding on a forwarder. The XOR network coding of MACs produces improvement which does not increase the number of MACs at a coding point. Our scheme uses the UHFs-based MAC with a homomorphic property to hold homomorphic MAC, and hence it can aggregate MACs in our XOR network coding systems. We emphasize that a forwarder cannot straightforward filter polluted messages even if our scheme uses the UHFs-based MACs.

Keywords

Wireless Sensor Network Source Node Network Code Message Authentication Code Downstream Node 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuya Izawa
    • 1
  • Atsuko Miyaji
    • 1
  • Kazumasa Omote
    • 1
  1. 1.Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST)Japan

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