Automatic Crime Prediction Using Events Extracted from Twitter Posts

  • Xiaofeng Wang
  • Matthew S. Gerber
  • Donald E. Brown
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7227)

Abstract

Prior work on criminal incident prediction has relied primarily on the historical crime record and various geospatial and demographic information sources. Although promising, these models do not take into account the rich and rapidly expanding social media context that surrounds incidents of interest. This paper presents a preliminary investigation of Twitter-based criminal incident prediction. Our approach is based on the automatic semantic analysis and understanding of natural language Twitter posts, combined with dimensionality reduction via latent Dirichlet allocation and prediction via linear modeling. We tested our model on the task of predicting future hit-and-run crimes. Evaluation results indicate that the model comfortably outperforms a baseline model that predicts hit-and-run incidents uniformly across all days.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaofeng Wang
    • 1
  • Matthew S. Gerber
    • 1
  • Donald E. Brown
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Systems and Information EngineeringUniversity of VirginiaUSA

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