Leakage-Resilient Circuits without Computational Assumptions
Physical cryptographic devices inadvertently leak information through numerous side-channels. Such leakage is exploited by so-called side-channel attacks, which often allow for a complete security breache. A recent trend in cryptography is to propose formal models to incorporate leakage into the model and to construct schemes that are provably secure within them.
We design a general compiler that transforms any cryptographic scheme, e.g., a block-cipher, into a functionally equivalent scheme which is resilient to any continual leakage provided that the following three requirements are satisfied: (i) in each observation the leakage is bounded, (ii) different parts of the computation leak independently, and (iii) the randomness that is used for certain operations comes from a simple (non-uniform) distribution. In contrast to earlier work on leakage resilient circuit compilers, which relied on computational assumptions, our results are purely information-theoretic. In particular, we do not make use of public key encryption, which was required in all previous works.
KeywordsSecret State Multiplication Gate Arithmetic Circuit Output Gate Cryptographic Scheme
- [DP08]Dziembowski, S., Pietrzak, K.: Leakage-resilient cryptography. In: FOCS 2008: Proceedings of the 49th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA (2008)Google Scholar
- [FRR+ 10]
- [GKR08]Goldwasser, S., Kalai, Y.T., Rothblum, G.N.: One-Time Programs. In: Wagner, D. (ed.) CRYPTO 2008. LNCS, vol. 5157, pp. 39–56. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)Google Scholar
- [GR10]Goldwasser, S., Rothblum, G.N.: Securing Computation against Continuous Leakage. In: Rabin, T. (ed.) CRYPTO 2010. LNCS, vol. 6223, pp. 59–79. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)Google Scholar
- [JV10]Juma, A., Vahlis, Y.: Protecting Cryptographic Keys against Continual Leakage. In: Rabin, T. (ed.) CRYPTO 2010. LNCS, vol. 6223, pp. 41–58. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)Google Scholar