Advertisement

Intelligent Working Environments, Handling of Medical Data and the Ethics of Human Resources

  • Céline Ehrwein NihanEmail author
Part of the Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing book series (AINSC, volume 151)

Abstract

The development of Ambient Intelligence (AmI) will radically transform our everyday life and social representations. These transformations will notably impact the working environment. The objective of this paper is to offer a first survey of the main ethical issues raised by the development of intelligent working environments (IWEs). It especially focuses on the capacity of such environments to collect and handle personal medical data. The first section describes the features of intelligent environments in general and presents some of their applications at the workplace. The second section of this paper points out some of the main ethical issues raised by these environments and their capacity to collect and handle medical data. The third and final section attempts to offer some elements of reflection regarding the ethical principles that should guide the development of IWEs in the future.

Keywords

Medical Data Ubiquitous Computing Ambient Intelligence Intelligent Environment Institutional Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allanson, J., Fairclough, S.H.: A research agenda for physiological computing. Interacting with Computer 16, 857–878 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arendt, H.: The Human Condition. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1958)Google Scholar
  3. Bühler, C.: Ambient intelligence in working environments. In: Stephanidis, C. (ed.) Universal Access in HCI, Part II, pp. 143–149. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)Google Scholar
  4. Bohn, J., et al.: Living in a world of smart everyday objects – social, economic, and ethical implications. Journal of Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 10(5), 763–786 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Foucault, M.: Surveiller et punir. Naissance de la prison. Gallimard, Paris (1975)Google Scholar
  6. Gandy Jr., O.H.: Engaging rational discrimination: exploring reasons for placing regulatory constraints on decision support systems. Ethics Inf. Technol. 12, 29–42 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Habermas, J.: Justification and application: remarks on discourse ethics. MIT Press, Cambridge (1994); Original German version (1991)Google Scholar
  8. Hildebrandt, M.: Ambient intelligence, criminal liability and democracy. Crim. Law and Philos. 2, 163–180 (2008)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaptein, M.C., et al.: Persuasion in ambient intelligence. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing (2010), doi:10.1007/s12652-009-0005-3Google Scholar
  10. Ronzani, D.: The battle of concepts: Ubiquitous computing, pervasive computing and ambient intelligence in mass media. UbiCC Journal 4(2), 9–19 (2009)Google Scholar
  11. Schuurman, J.G., et al.: Ambient intelligence. Viable future or dangerous illusion? Rathenau Instituut (2009), http://www.rathenau.nl/uploads/tx_tferathenau/Ambient_Intelligence_ENG.pdf (accessed October 03, 2011)
  12. Spiekermann, S., Pallas, F.: Technology paternalism – wider implications of ubiquitous computing. Poiesis and Praxis (2006), doi: 10.1007/s10202-005-0010Google Scholar
  13. Stefani, O., et al.: Ambient intelligence in working environments. In: Stephanidis, C. (ed.) Universal Access in HCI, Part II, pp. 708–714. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)Google Scholar
  14. van den Broek, E.L., Schut, M.H., Tuinenbreijer, K., Westerink, J.H.D.M.: Communication and Persuasion Technology: Psychophysiology of Emotions and User-Profiling. In: IJsselsteijn, W.A., de Kort, Y.A.W., Midden, C., Eggen, B., van den Hoven, E. (eds.) PERSUASIVE 2006. LNCS, vol. 3962, pp. 154–157. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Weiser, M., Gold, R., Brown, J.S.: The origins of ubiquitous computing research at PARC in the Late 1980s. IBM System Journal 38(4), 693–696 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wieland, M., et al.: Methods for conserving privacy in workflow controlled smart environments – A technical and philosophical enquiry into human-oriented system design of ubiquitous work environments. In: Proceedings of the The Third International Conference on Mobile Ubiquitous Computing, Systems, Services and Technologies (2009), doi: 10.1109/UBICOMM.2009.44Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Business and Engineering VaudYverdon-les-bainsSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations