A Pipeline for the Segmentation and Classification of 3D Point Clouds

  • B. Douillard
  • J. Underwood
  • V. Vlaskine
  • A. Quadros
  • S. Singh
Part of the Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics book series (STAR, volume 79)

Abstract

This paper presents algorithms for fast segmentation of 3D point clouds and subsequent classification of the obtained 3D segments. The method jointly determines the ground surface and segments individual objects in 3D, including overhanging structures. When compared to six other terrain modelling techniques, this approach has minimal error between the sensed data and the representation; and is fast (processing a Velodyne scan in approximately 2 seconds). Applications include improved alignment of successive scans by enabling operations in sections (Velodyne scans are aligned 7% sharper compared to an approach using raw points) and more informed decision-making (paths move around overhangs). The use of segmentation to aid classification through 3D features, such as the Spin Image or the Spherical Harmonic Descriptor, is discussed and experimentally compared. Moreover, the segmentation facilitates a novel approach to 3D classification that bypasses feature extraction and directly compares 3D shapes via the ICP algorithm. This technique is shown to achieve accuracy on par with the best feature based classifier (92.1%) while being significantly faster and allowing a clearer understanding of the classifier’s behaviour.

Keywords

Point Cloud Path Planning Iterative Close Point Spin Image Iterative Close Point 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Douillard
    • 1
  • J. Underwood
    • 1
  • V. Vlaskine
    • 1
  • A. Quadros
    • 1
  • S. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.The Australian Centre for Field RoboticsThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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