Variations in light stable isotope ratios (such as hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur, chlorine and bromine) are caused by processes that are called isotope fractionation. Fractionation is caused by differences in physical or chemical processes that are mostly caused by the difference in weight of the isotopes. Variations in the isotope composition of an element can also have its origin from radioactive decay of mother isotopes which may be present in different quantities in the original environment. In this case we call these daughter isotopes radiogenic. The isotope geochemistry of strontium is a good example of an element where isotope variations are mainly caused by radioactive decay of a mother isotope, in this case that of β-decay of 87Rb to stable 87Sr. Chlorine and bromine do not have any radiogenic isotopes and all isotope variations found for chlorine and bromine are caused by fractionation processes on these isotopes.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Onderzoek & BelevingBussumThe Netherlands

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