Biomass Energy

Chapter

Abstract

Biomass energy or “bioenergy” includes any solid, liquid or gaseous fuel, or any electric power derived from organic matter, whether directly from plants or indirectly from plant-derived industrial, commercial or urban wastes, or agricultural and forestry residues. Many processes are available for producing bioenergy. These range from conventional uses of biomass such as burning to modern production processes like converting sugar and starch crops to ethanol, to even more advanced technologies such as gasification etc. Energy stored in dry biomass can be released either by direct combustion or by thermochemcial conversion into liquid and gaseous fuels. Dry processes include pyrolysis, liquefaction, torrefaction, gasification and hydrogenation. Biochemical conversion takes two forms, anaerobic digestion and fermentation. Another form of liquid fuel from biomass is “biodiesel”, which is derived from the esterified vegetable oils. Various technology options may be compared in terms of energy efficiency, feedstock requirements, installation costs, carbon emissions or any range of costs and benefits.

Keywords

Diesel Engine Municipal Solid Waste Anaerobic Digestion Sweet Sorghum Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Renewable Energy Sources DepartmentCollege of Technology and Engineering, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and TechnologyUdaipurIndia

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