Short Evolutionary History of Plants

  • Yiannis Manetas
Chapter

Abstract

First, a short history of life before the appearance of land plants is given, focusing on those critical evolutionary episodes that paved the way, i.e. photosynthesis in prokaryotes, endosymbiosis, increased structural complexity and the appearance of multicellular algal ancestors. Then, the challenges of land conquest and the required structural and functional innovations are described. Once having established themselves on land, plants determined its subsequent history. Emphasis is given to the evolutionary importance of violent environmental perturbations, the resistance of plants to mass extinctions, and the reasons for this resistance.

Keywords

Flowering Plant Phenotypic Plasticity Land Plant Land Colonisation Multicellular Organism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yiannis Manetas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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