Judicial Independence in England and Wales
Following a comprehensive programme of constitutional reform that started with the Human Rights Act in 1998, a debate on judicial independence1 and accountability has re-emerged in England and Wales.2 Only in the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (CRA) has the longstanding convention that government ministers have to uphold the continued independence of the judiciary been formalized.3 The CRA also introduced some formal safeguards for judicial independence, viz. new mechanisms for appointing, training and disciplining judges (B). Although these measures acknowledge the growth in size and complexity of the judiciary, they have led to new administrative responsibilities for the Lord Chief Justice, despite strained financial resources.
KeywordsSupra Note Judicial Independence Judicial Conduct Professional Judge Judicial Post
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