Pd-Catalyzed Telomerization of 1,3-Dienes with Multifunctional Renewable Substrates: Versatile Routes for the Valorization of Biomass-Derived Platform Molecules

  • Pieter C. A. BruijnincxEmail author
  • Robin Jastrzebski
  • Peter J. C. Hausoul
  • Robertus J. M. Klein Gebbink
  • Bert M. WeckhuysenEmail author
Part of the Topics in Organometallic Chemistry book series (TOPORGAN, volume 39)


The dimerization of 1,3-dienes (e.g. butadiene) with the addition of a protic nucleophile (e.g. methanol) yields 2,7-octadienyl ethers in the so-called telomerization reaction. This reaction is most efficiently catalyzed by homogeneous palladium complexes. The field has experienced a renaissance in recent years as many of the platform molecules that can be renewably obtained from biomass are well-suited to act as multifunctional nucleophiles in this reaction. In addition, the process adheres to many of the principles of green chemistry, given that the reaction is 100% atom efficient and produces little waste. The telomerization reaction thus provides a versatile route for the production of valuable bulk and specialty chemicals that are (at least partly) green and renewable. The use of various multifunctional substrates that can be obtained from biomass is covered in this review, as well as mechanistic aspects of the telomerization reaction.


Biomass Butadiene Oxygenates Palladium Telomerization 



PCAB and BMW gratefully thank the Smart Mix programme of the Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Netherlands Ministry of Education, Culture and Science within the framework of the CatchBio programme. The authors also kindly thank the ACTS-ASPECT programme for financial support. PCAB also gratefully acknowledges NWO for a Veni grant.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pieter C. A. Bruijnincx
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robin Jastrzebski
    • 1
  • Peter J. C. Hausoul
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robertus J. M. Klein Gebbink
    • 2
  • Bert M. Weckhuysen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis Group, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials ScienceUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Organic Chemistry and Catalysis Group, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials ScienceUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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