Distributed (Δ + 1)-Coloring in the Physical Model
In multi-hop radio networks, such as wireless ad-hoc and sensor networks, nodes employ a MAC (Medium Access Control) protocol such as TDMA to coordinate accesses to the shared medium and to avoid interference of close-by transmissions. These protocols can be implemented using standard node coloring. The (Δ + 1)-coloring problem is to color all nodes in as few timeslots as possible using at most Δ + 1 colors such that any two nodes within distance R are assigned different colors, where R is a given parameter and Δ is the maximum degree of the modeled unit disk graph using the scaling factor R. Being one of the most fundamental problems in distributed computing, this problem is well studied and there are a long chain of algorithms for it. However, all previous work are based on models that are highly abstract, such as message passing models and graph based interference models, which limit the utility of these algorithms in practice.
In this paper, for the first time, we consider the distributed Δ + 1-coloring problem under the more practical SINR interference model. In particular, without requiring any knowledge about the neighborhood, we propose a novel randomized (Δ + 1)-coloring algorithm with time complexity O(Δlogn + log2 n). For the case where nodes can not adjust their transmission power, we give an O(Δlog2 n) randomized algorithm, which only incurs a logarithmic multiplicative factor overhead.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Barenboim, L., Elkin, M.: Distributed (Δ + 1)-coloring in linear (in Δ) time. In: STOC (2009)Google Scholar
- 3.Derbel, B., Talbi, E.-G.: Distributed node coloring in the SINR model. In: ICDCS (2010)Google Scholar
- 4.Goussevskaia, O., Moscibroda, T., Wattenhofer, R.: Local broadcasting in the physical interference model. In: DialM-POMC (2008)Google Scholar
- 5.Goussevskaia, O., Oswald, Y.A., Wattenhofer, R.: Complexity in geometric SINR. In: Mobihoc (2007)Google Scholar
- 9.Kuhn, F., Moscibroda, T., Wattenhofer, R.: Initializing newly deployed Ad Hoc and sensor networks. In: MOBICOM (2004)Google Scholar
- 10.Moscibroda, T., Wattenhofer, R.: Coloring unstructured radio networks. In: SPAA (2005)Google Scholar
- 12.Moscibroda, T., Wattenhofer, R.: Maximal independent sets in radio networks. In: PODC (2005)Google Scholar
- 13.Scheideler, C., Richa, A., Santi, P.: An O(logn) dominating set protocol for wireless ad-hoc networks under the physical interference model. In: Mobihoc (2008)Google Scholar
- 14.Schneider, J., Wattenhofer, R.: A log-star distributed maximal independent set algorithm for growth-bounded graphs. In: PODC (2008)Google Scholar
- 15.Schneider, J., Wattenhofer, R.: Coloring unstructured wireless multi-hop networks. In: PODC (2009)Google Scholar
- 16.Yu, D., Hua, Q.-S., Wang, Y., Lau, F.C.M.: Distributed (Δ + 1)-Coloring in the Physical Model, http://i.cs.hku.hk/~qshua/algosensorsfullversion.pdf
- 17.Yu, D., Wang, Y., Hua, Q.-S., Lau, F.C.M.: Distributed local broadcasting algorithms in the physical interference model. In: DCOSS (2011)Google Scholar