Plasmonics pp 225-268 | Cite as

Imaging Surface Plasmons

  • Alexandre BouhelierEmail author
  • Gérard Colas des Francs
  • Jonathan Grandidier
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 167)


Controlling surface plasmons is at the heart of plasmonics. Advances in this field are to a large extent triggered by our ability to visualize surface plasmons in their different forms. In this chapter, we provide a review of the different techniques capable of imaging and visualizing surface plasmons. We have divided these techniques in three distinct families: proximal probe techniques, far-field microscopies, and electron imaging. We review here their principal characteristics, advantages, and limitations and illustrate the discussion with images taken from the literature.


Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Incident Electron Beam Fourier Plane Bragg Mirror Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Spectrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandre Bouhelier
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gérard Colas des Francs
    • 1
  • Jonathan Grandidier
    • 1
  1. 1.Université de BourgogneDijonFrance

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