The nose is the central and most prominent aesthetic facial landmark. It divides the face in half and defines many of the common measures of facial proportions. Preoperative consultation, anesthesia, techniques, postoperative care, revisional surgery, and adjuvant procedures, as well as special situations in primary aesthetic rhinoplasty, are discussed. A simple systematic approach to rhinoplasty that will help link cause and effect for the surgeon is described. The use of the external direct approach allows immediate feedback on the operating table, improving the consistency of results.
Nasal Bone Revisional Surgery Lower Lateral Cartilage Lateral Osteotomy Nasal Skin
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