Elements of the Thermodynamic Theory of Electrified Interfaces

Chapter
Part of the Monographs in Electrochemistry book series (MOEC)

Abstract

In Chap. 2, several aspects of the thermodynamic theory and their physical interpretation are discussed, and a simple and concise treatment of electrified interfaces within the framework of classical thermodynamics is presented. Basic concepts such as “surface,” “interface,” “interphase,” “interfacial or interface region,” “dividing surface,” and “adsorption” are reviewed; Gibbs and Guggenheim models in interfacial thermodynamics are discussed. The derivation of the electrocapillary equation, the Lippmann equation, and the Gibbs adsorption equation for an ideally polarizable electrode is presented. An example for the application of the electrocapillary equation is provided. An equation has been derived for ideally polarizable electrodes for the case in which there is no complete equilibrium between the bulk of a solid and the interface.

Keywords

Reference System Interfacial Region Fundamental Relation Specific Surface Energy Excess Gibbs Free Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inst. ChemistryEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Chemistry DepartmentUniversidad Nacional de Rio CuartoRio Cuarto CórdobaArgentina

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