Effects of Juglone on ROS Production and Mitochondrial Transmembrane Potential in SGC-7901 Cells

Part of the Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing book series (AINSC, volume 134)

Abstract

To investigate the effects of juglone on ROS production and mitochondrial transmembrane potential (ΔΨm) in SGC-7901 cells in vitro, further to elucidate the apoptosis mechanism. The apoptosis morphological changes of SGC-7901 cells were observed using fluorescence microscope. The level of ROS and ΔΨm of cells were detected by FCM. The change of [Ca2 + ]i in cells stained with Fluo-3/AM was observed by LCSM. Hoechst 33258 staining assay showed thick granulated fluorescence in condensed nuclei and cytoplasm, and the number of apoptotic bodies was increased with increasing of juglone concentration. The level of ROS at the dose of 5, 10, 15 and 20μM of juglone was 34.83±1.45%, 42.43±1.36%, 53.73±1.38% and 68.67±1.33%, respectively, which were significantly higher than that in control group (P <0.01). The concentration of Ca2 + in cells exposed to juglone for 24 h was increased significantly in a dose dependent manner compared with control group (P <0.01). ΔΨm of treatment groups was 85.53±1.82%, 53.57±2.48%, 46.33±1.46%, 36.43±2.64%, respectively, which were significantly lower than that in control group (P <0.01).Therefore, juglone can increase intracellular level of ROS and concentration of Ca2 + , decrease ΔΨm and induce the cells apoptosis.

Keywords

Juglone ROS Mitochondrial transmembrane potential Human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yubin Ji
    • 1
  • Zhongyuan Qu
    • 1
  • Xiang Zou
    • 2
  • Chenfeng Ji
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Materia Medica and Postdoctoral ProgrammeHarbin University of CommerceHarbinChina
  2. 2.Engineering Reseach Center of Natural Anticancer DrugsMinistry of EducationHarbinChina

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