Contribution of N2 Fixation for the World Agriculture

  • André Luís Braghini Sá
  • Armando Cavalcante Franco Dias
  • Manoel de Araújo Teixeira
  • Rosana Faria Vieira
Chapter

Abstract

Plant production of high quality as well as the availability of foods rich in protein is crucially dependent on nitrogen. Tropical agricultural soils often have impaired production due to limited availability of nitrogen, which leads to use of nitrogen fertilizers and alternative resources such as biological nitrogen fixation (BNF). The latter has been used especially in grasses of economic importance, and this fact has initiated an important search in understanding these mechanisms in nonleguminous plants. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria such as rhizobia in turn aroused interest for research into new microbial sources such as nitrogen-fixing endophytic bacteria and not forming nodules. The mechanisms of BFN have grown exponentially and alternative sources to carry out the process increasingly investigated.

Keywords

Nitrogen Fixation Endophytic Bacterium Diazotrophic Bacterium Produce Growth Hormone Commercial Inoculant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Luís Braghini Sá
    • 1
  • Armando Cavalcante Franco Dias
    • 2
  • Manoel de Araújo Teixeira
    • 1
  • Rosana Faria Vieira
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied MicrobiologyUniversity of Vale do Sapucaí – UNIVASPouso AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Center for Nuclear Energy in AgricultureUniversity of São Paulo, CENA/USPSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratory of Environmental MicrobiologyCNPMA - Embrapa Meio AmbienteSão PauloBrazil

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