The Low-Carbon Retrofit of a UK Conservation Area Terrace: Introducing a Pattern Book of Energy-Saving Details

Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 12)


This paper reports on a live UK retrofit project to a large terraced dwelling in Liverpool, built circa 1875. The retrofit project introduces a range of measures to improve the energy efficiency of, and therefore reduce carbon dioxide emissions from a larger terraced house. The architectural detailing that has been developed by the first author is discussed and illustrated, taking account of Conservation Area requirements and the paper sets out how the detailing has been developed to carefully respond to both the internal and external aesthetics of the property. An overall strategy for improvement is outlined and the proposed detailing is compared to existing conditions. ‘Before’ and ‘after’ heat loss and energy usage is compared and strategies for monitoring, wider implementation and future directions are also outlined. This paper will be of interest to designers, environmental engineers, landlords and contractors considering the upgrade of existing dwellings to minimize energy and carbon use and how best to assess the effectiveness of these measures when working on dwellings that have challenging planning requirements.


Conservation Area Housing Stock Building Information Model Main Roof Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Calcutt, J.: The Calcutt Review of Housebuilding Delivery. CLG, London (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    EST GIR64: Post Construction Testing; A professional’s guide to testing housing for energy efficiency. EST, London (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    BRE Building for Change, Press Release, Retrofit for the Future Projects Named. BRE, London (February 25, 2010) Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    RIBA Flash, From passivhaus to velvet curtains – a flexible, pragmatic approach to eco- retrofit. Presentation. RIBA, London (April 5, 2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    BSI BS EN 13187:1999 Thermal performance of buildings - Qualitative detection of thermal irregularities in building envelopes - Infrared method (ISO 6781:1983 modified). BSI, London (1999) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    BRE The Government’s Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings 2009 edition. BRE, London (2010) Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wingfield, J., Bell, M., Miles-Shenton, D., South, T., Lowe, R.J.: Evaluating the Impact of an Enhanced Energy Performance Standard on Load-Bearing Masonry Construction. Leeds Met, Leeds (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yan, H., Damian, P.: Benefits and Barriers of Building Information Modeling. Loughborough University, Loughborough (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    IHBC context 89. Institute of Historic Building Conservation, London (2005) Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    ODPM English Housing Condition Survey, 2001: building the picture. Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, London (2003) Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Muthesius, S.: The English Terraced House. Yale, London (1982)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    CLG Building Regulations 2000: Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power in new dwellings October 2010 edition. NBS, London (2010) Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    EST CE330 House Comparison Solid Wall detached House. EST, London (2010) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Constructive Thinking Studio Limited & Liverpool John Moores UniversityUK
  2. 2.The Ecological Built Environment Research & Enterprise groupUniversity of Wales Institute Cardiff, Cardiff School of Art & DesignCardiffUK

Personalised recommendations