Connectivity and Molecular Ecology of Antarctic Fishes

  • Filip A. M. Volckaert
  • Jennifer Rock
  • Anton P. Van de Putte
Chapter
Part of the From Pole to Pole book series (POLE)

Abstract

Intraspecific biodiversity is affected by homogenizing factors, mostly through gene flow, and differentiating factors such as mutation, genetic drift and selection. At first sight, the structure of fish populations of the Southern Ocean should be under influence of the Circumpolar Antarctic Current. Some species do indeed show evidence for strong connectivity, with genotypes being shared across the full range. However, species-specific life-history traits and local factors influence the patterns of many taxa such that distinct populations have evolved. Also global change (fishing and climate change) measurably impacts genetic structure, such that ma­nagement measures are needed. Quota systems have been implemented for some time, while the delineation of marine protected areas is in progress.

Keywords

Southern Ocean Last Glacial Maximum Antarctic Peninsula Antarctic Circumpolar Current Larval Dispersal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Funding is acknowledged from the Belgian Federal Agency for Science Policy (BELSPO; programs PELAGANT, PADI and ANTABIF), the Research Foundation Flanders (Belgian network for DNA barcoding; W0.009.11N) and UK NERC AFI 6/16 grant. We thank G. di Prisco for excellent guidance in the preparation of the chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Filip A. M. Volckaert
    • 1
  • Jennifer Rock
    • 2
  • Anton P. Van de Putte
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biodiversity and Evolutionary GenomicsKatholieke Universiteit LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  3. 3.Belgian Biodiversity PlatformRoyal Belgian Institute for Natural SciencesBrusselsBelgium

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