Anthropogenic Impacts on Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Islands and the Adjacent Marine Environments

  • Lúcia S. Campos
  • Rosalinda C. Montone
  • Rafael B. Moura
  • Yocie Yoneshigue-Valentin
  • Helena G. Kawall
  • Peter Convey
Chapter
Part of the From Pole to Pole book series (POLE)

Abstract

The impacts of human activities are more apparent at present in the sub-Antarctic than in the Antarctic. The sub-Antarctic islands, despite their physical isolation in the Southern Ocean, are generally more accessible, have less challenging climates, and a longer history of human presence than the more southern latitudes of the Peninsula and continent.

Keywords

Southern Ocean Antarctic Peninsula South Shetland Island Gentoo Penguin Falkland Island 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Part of this review was stimulated by the Census of Antarctic Marine Life during IPY, and especially Drs. Michael Stoddart and Victoria Wadley. The Brazilian assessment of Admiralty Bay was contributed by the Brazilian Antarctic Environment Research Network (CNPq processes: 550345/02-7, 550347/02-0, 550348/02-6, 550349/02-2, 550350/02-0, 550351/02-7, 550354/02-6, 550356/02-9, 550357/02-5, 550359/02-8, 550365/02-8, 550368/02-7, 550371/02-8, 550373/02-0), the IPY project MABIREH (Process No. 52.0293/2006-1), and continues through the Brazilian National Institute of Science and Technology on Antarctic Environmental Research (INCT-APA) financed by CNPq (Process No. 574018/2008-5), FAPERJ (Process No. E-26170.023/2008). We are thankful to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI), Ministry of Environment (MMA), and Interministerial Secretariat for the Brazilian Marine Resources (SECIRM). G. di Prisco and C. Verde are thanked for useful comments and contribution to this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lúcia S. Campos
    • 1
  • Rosalinda C. Montone
    • 2
  • Rafael B. Moura
    • 1
    • 3
  • Yocie Yoneshigue-Valentin
    • 1
  • Helena G. Kawall
    • 2
  • Peter Convey
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto Oceanográfico, Universidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Universidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  4. 4.British Antarctic SurveyCambridgeUK

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