1933 witnessed not only the Fascistisation of the statutes of the university, but also Hitler’s takeover of the German government and the onset of the persecution of the Jews. While in the beginning Mussolini’s attitude was that of a spiritual father of the Nazi movement, it soon became clear that the hierarchy would not be determined by the number of years in power, but rather by the differences in economic and military might, which were sharply in favour of Germany. 1935 was then the year that Italy invaded Ethiopia, prompting the League of Nations to impose economic sanctions on it. The resulting international isolation led to a weakening of the pro-English sentiments of the Fascist regime, and a symmetrical strengthening of pro-German sympathies. The growing ties with Germany fed the racism and anti-Semitism that had been present in Fascism from the very beginning, but had not found any particular outlet up to then.