Forehead, Eyebrows, and Eyes

  • Fabio Meneghini
  • Paolo Biondi


Looking at the upper third of the face, we can note its role in facial expression. The acts of blinking, raising or lowering the eyebrows, frowning the glabella, elevating the upper lids, closing the eyes, and rotating the eye globes up or down are essential in communicating approval or disapproval, attention, surprise, indifference, and many other emotions. In the long term, the aging process progressively changes the external aspect of the upper third, as well as its dynamics.


Eyelid Margin Frontalis Muscle Medial Canthus Orbital Septum Eyelid Skin 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Meneghini
    • 1
  • Paolo Biondi
    • 2
  1. 1.Aesthetic and Maxillofacial SurgeryPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Maxillofacial SurgeryForlìItaly

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