Technology that Accompanies the Development of Spintronics Devices

Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 158)

Abstract

IV measurement of magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) is very important for the characterization of tunnel junction. Measurement of IV curve and analysis of the curve will be briefly explained. Also it is described that AFM and STM are useful tool in order to evaluate MTJ. Spin polarization of the electrodes of MTJ is very important value in order to fabricate a high TMR value junction. The measurement method of spin polarization using tunnel junction will be described. Finally, spin dynamics which is very important in order to apply MTJ for devices is described. Particularly, the experimental method of damping constant measurement, the data reported so far, and the origin of damping constant will be explained.

Keywords

Fermi Surface Spin Polarization Tunnel Junction Pulse Magnetic Field Heusler Alloy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    R. Stratton, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 1177 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.G. Simmons, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1793 (1963)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Miyazaki, Solid State Phys. 32, 221 (1997) (Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Ando, M. Hayashl, M. Oogane, H. Kubota, T. Miyazaki, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 7023 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Ando, H. Kameda, H. Kubota, T. Miyazaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, L737 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    E.A.A. Jarvis, E.A. Carter, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 4045 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Itoh, J. Inoue, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 226–230, 930 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Ichimura, T. Onogi, J. Hayakawa, K. Itoh, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4528 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    I. Giaever, K. Megerle, Phys. Rev. 122, 455 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    P.M. Tedrow, R. Meservey, Phys. Rev. B 7, 318 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Kubota, T. Daibou, M. Oogane, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L250 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Mizukami, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, Jpn. Appl. Mag. Soc. 27, 934 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Mizukami, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 580 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Mizukami, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 226–230, 1640 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. Kambersky, Can. J. Phys. 48, 2906 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. Kambersky, Czechoslov. J. Phys. B 26, 1366 (1976)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Heinrich, D. Fraitova, V. Kambersky, phys. Stat. Sol. 23, 501 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Kunes, V. Kambersky, Phys. Rev. B 65, 212411 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Kohno, J. Shibata, J. Phys. Soc. 76, 063710 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H.J. Skadsem, Y. Tserkovnyak, A. Brataas, G.E.W. Bauer, Phys. Rev. B 75, 094416 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    V. Kambersky, Phys. Rev. B 76, 134416 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. Gilmore, Y.U. Idzerda, M.D. Stiles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 027204 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    K. Gilmore, Y.U. Idzerda, M.D. Stiles, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 07D303 (2008)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Mizukami, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 239, 42 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Mizukami, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, Phys. Rev. B 66, 104413 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Nakamura, Y. Ando, S. Mizukami, H. Kubota, T. Miyazaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L787 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. Ando, H. Nakamura, S. Mizukami, H. Kubota, T. Miyazaki, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 272–276, 293 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.H. Silsbee, A. Janossy, P. Monod, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4382 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Y. Tserkovnyak, A. Brataas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 117601 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y. Tserkovnyak, A. Brataas, Phys. Rev. B 66, 224403 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Zwierzycki, Y. Tserkovnyak, P. Kelly, A. Brataas, G.E.W. Bauer, Phys. Rev. 71, 064420 (2002)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Yakata, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, S. Mizukami, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3892 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    B. Heinrich, Z. Frait, Phys. Status Solidi 16, K11 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S.M. Bhagat, P. Lubitz, Phys. Rev. B 10, 179 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Z. Frait, D. Fraitova, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 15–18, 1081 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    F. Schreiber, J. Pflaum, Z. Frait, T. Muhge, J. Pelzl, Solid State Commun. 93, 965 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    B. Heinrich, J.F. Cochran, M. Kowalewski, J. Kirschner, Z. Celinsli, A.S. Arrot, K. Myrtle, Phys. Rev. B 44, 9348 (1991)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Z. Frait, H. MacFaden, Phys. Rev. 139, A1173 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    D. Bastian, E. Biller, Phys. Status Solidi A 35, 113 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    F. Ponce, S.M. Bhagat, P. Lubitz, Solid State Commun. 18, 521 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    C.E. Patton, Z. Frait, C.H. Wilts, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 5002 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Z. Frait, Physica B+C 86–88, 1241 (1977)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    S.M. Bhagat, M.S. Rothstein, J. Phys. 32, C1–777 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    W. Platow, A.N. Anisimov, G.L. Dunifer, M. Farle, K. Baberschke, Phys. Rev. B 58, 5611 (1998)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    L. Pust, Z. Frait, Phys. Status Solidi b 114, K157 (1982)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Z. Frait, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 35, 37 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    B. Heinrich, A.S. Arrott, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 31–34, 669 (1983)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    J.J. Webb, S.M. Bhagat, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 42, 109 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    N. Inaba, M. Futamoto, Magn. Soc. Jpn. 21, 1181 (1997)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    B. Heinrich, G. Woltersdorf, R. Urban, O. Mosendz, G. Schmidt, P. Bach, L. Molenkamp, E. Rosenberg, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 7462 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. Yilgin, M. Oogane, S. Yakata, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 2799 (2005)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    R. Yilgin, Y. Sakuraba, M. Oogane, S. Mizukami, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L205 (2007)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    S. Mizukami, D. Watanabe, M. Oogane, Y. Ando, Y. Miura, M. Shirai, T. Miyazaki, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 07D306-1 (2009)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    M. Oogane, R. Yilgin, M. Shinano, S. Yakata, Y. Sakuraba, Y. Ando, T. Miyazaki, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 09J501-1 (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Advanced Inst. Materials ResearchTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations