Preliminary Slope Mass Movement Susceptibility Mapping Using DEM and LiDAR DEM

  • M. Jaboyedoff
  • M. Choffet
  • M.-H. Derron
  • P. Horton
  • A. Loye
  • C. Longchamp
  • B. Mazotti
  • C. Michoud
  • A. Pedrazzini
Chapter

Abstract

Hazard mapping in mountainous areas at the regional scale has greatly changed since the 1990s thanks to improved digital elevation models (DEM). It is now possible to model slope mass movement and floods with a high level of detail in order to improve geomorphologic mapping. We present examples of regional multi-hazard susceptibility mapping through two Swiss case studies, including landslides, rockfall, debris flows, snow avalanches and floods, in addition to several original methods and software tools. The aim of these recent developments is to take advantage of the availability of high resolution DEM (HRDEM) for better mass movement modeling. Our results indicate a good correspondence between inventories of hazardous zones based on historical events and model predictions. This paper demonstrates that by adapting tools and methods issued from modern technologies, it is possible to obtain reliable documents for land planning purposes over large areas.

Keywords

DEM Lidar Rockfall Debris-flow Floods Snow avalanches Regional hazard mapping Models Flow-R RAS Conefall HISTOFIT 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Jaboyedoff
    • 1
  • M. Choffet
    • 1
  • M.-H. Derron
    • 1
  • P. Horton
    • 1
  • A. Loye
    • 1
  • C. Longchamp
    • 1
  • B. Mazotti
    • 1
  • C. Michoud
    • 1
  • A. Pedrazzini
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Risk Analysis-University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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