Subjective Rationality and Cultural Diversity

Chapter

Abstract

If social theory has to be policy-relevant, it has to use a not too unrealistic “model of man”, even though any model represents a drastic simplification of the real world. In practice, however, even simple beliefs or the most familiar types of behavior that we observe in everyday life can only be explained with difficulty by the two dominant models to which the familiar labels of Homo sociologicus and Homo oeconomicus are attached respectively. Redressing this situation may be one of the most challenging problems facing contemporary theory.

Keywords

Suicide Rate Rational Choice Theory Ulnar Artery Maintenance Personnel Magical Thinking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Berlin, B. O., & Kay, P. D. (1969). Basic color terms. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  2. Boudon, R. (1981). The logic of social action. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Choi, S., & Bowerman, M. (1991). Learning to express motion events in English and Korean: The influence of language-specific lexicalization patterns. Cognition, 41, 83–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Choi, I., Nisbett, R. E., & Smith, E. E. (1997). Culture, categorization and inductive reasoning. Cognition, 65, 15–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cole, M. (1977). An ethnographic psychology of cognition. In P. Johnson-Laird & P. C. Wason (Eds.), Thinking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Donovan, A., Laudan, L., & Laudan, R. (Eds.). (1988). Scrutinizing science. Empirical studies of scientific change. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Durkheim, E. (1897). Suicide, a study in sociology. New York: The Free Press. 1962.Google Scholar
  8. Durkheim, E. (1912). Le formes élementaires de la vie religieuse. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 1979.Google Scholar
  9. Elster, J. (1985). Making sense of Marx. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (1937). Witchcraft, oracles and magic among the azande. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  11. Gladwin, T. (1970). East is a Big bird. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Greenfield, P.M. & Childs, C. (1974). Weaving, color terms and patterns representation: cultural influences and cognitive development among Zinacantecos of southern Mexico, in J. Dawson & W. Lonner (Eds.) Reading in cross-cultural psychology. Proceedings of the first international conference of the international association for cross-cultural psychology (Hong Kong, University of Hong Kong Press)Google Scholar
  13. Huber, J., Payne, J. W., & Pluto, C. (1982). Adding asymmetrical dominated alternatives: Violations of regularity and similarity hypothesis. Journal of Consumer Research, 9, 90–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1979b). Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica, 47, 263–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Levinson, S. C. (1994). Vision, shape and linguistic description: Tzeltal body part terminology and object description. Linguistics, 32, 791–885.Google Scholar
  16. Lopez, A., Atran, S., Coley, J. D., Medin, D. L., & Smith, E. E. (1997). The tree of life: Universal and cultural features of folkbiological taxonomies and inductions. Cognitive Psychology, 32(3), 251–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Malinowski, B. (1954). Magic, science and religion. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  18. Marx, K. (1867). Das Kapital. Hamburg/New York: O. Meissner/L.W. Schmidt.Google Scholar
  19. Medin, D. L., Lynch, E., Coley, J. D., & Atran, S. (1997). Categorization and reasoning among tree experts: Do all roads lead to Rome? Cognitive Psychology, 32(1), 49–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Myrvold, W. C. (1996). Bayesianism and diverse evidence: A reply to Andrew Wayne. Philosophy of Science, 63, 661–665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Olson M. (1965). The logic of collective action. Cambridge Mass: Harvard University Press. (Trad. it., 1983), La logica dell’azione collettiva, Milano, Feltrinelli.Google Scholar
  22. Osherson, D., Smith, E., Wilkie, O., López, A., & Shafir, E. (1990). Category-based induction. Psychological Review, 97(2), 185–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rosch, E. (1972). The structure of color space in naming and memory for Two languages. Cognitive Psychology, 3, 337–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shafir, E. (1993). Choosing versus rejecting: why some options are both better and worse than others. Memory & Cognition, 21, 546–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shafir, E., Simonson, I., & Tversky, A. (1993). Reason-based choice. Cognition, 49, 11–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shweder, R. A. (1977). Likeness and likelihood in everyday thought: Magical thinking and everyday judgments about personality. In P. N. Johnson-Laird & P. C. Wason (Eds.), Thinking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Simon, H. A. (1982). Models of bounded rationality. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  28. Simonson, I., & Tversky, A. (1992). Choice in context: Tradeoff contrast and extremeness aversion. Journal of Marketing Research, 29, 281–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tambiah, S. J. (1973). Form and meaning of magical acts: A point of view. In R. Horton & R. Finnegan (Eds.), Models of thought. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  30. Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1973). Availability: A heuristic for judging frequency and probability. Cognitive Psychology, 5, 207–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Viale, R., & Osherson, D. (2000). The diversity principle and the little scientist hypothesis. Foundations of Science, 5(2), 239–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. von Neumann, J., & Morgenstern, O. (1947). Theory of games and economic behavior. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Weber, M. (1922). Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Tubingen: Mohr.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rosselli FoundationTorinoItaly

Personalised recommendations