The Belgian Electronic Mathematical Machine (1951-1962): An Account

  • Pierre-Jacques Courtois
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6875)

Abstract

Dedicated to Brian Randell, Emeritus Professor of Newcastle upon Tyne University, in commemoration of his 75th birthday, this paper evokes the origins and the development of an electronic computer realized in Antwerp (Belgium) in the early 1950’s. Our main focus is on some interesting archetypes and advanced aspects of the design, and on how a small group of Belgians engineers developed this early machine.

Keywords

computer history IRSIA FNRS computer Belevitch Belgium 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Anderson, D.P.: An Interview with Maurice Wilkes. Communications of the ACM 52(9), 39–42 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Belevitch, V., Storrer, F.: Le calcul numérique des fonctions élémentaires dans la machine mathématique IRSIA-FNRS. Bull. Acad. Roy. Belg., Classe des Sc., t. XLII, Bruxelles, pp. 543–578 (1956) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Belevitch, V.: Le Trafic des Nombres et des Ordres dans la Machine IRSIA-FNRS. NTF 4 (1956) Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Belevitch, V.: L’Art de la Logique: La Programmation. Encyclopédie des Sciences Modernes de Genève, Kister, VIII, pp. 89–90 (1958) Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Biot, M.A., Manneback, C.: Florilège des Sciences en Belgique, Académie Royale de Belgique, Classe des Sciences, pp. 371–377 (1980) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Courtois, P.-J.: Notice Biographique de Vitold Belevitch, Nouvelle Biographie Nationale, Tome X, Académie Royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique, Bruxelles, pp. 35–42 (2010) Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Courtois, P.J.: Vitold Belevitch (1921-1999), Témoignages et Réminisciences. Institutional Repository of the ‘Académie Universitaire Louvain’ (DIAL), (en préparation) Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fettweis, A.: In Memoriam, Vitold Belevitch. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems 47, 613–614 (2000)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Leavitt, D.: The Man Who Knew Too much. Alan Turing and the Invention of the Computer, Phoenix (2006) Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Linsman, M.: Les Machines Mathématiques. Bull. A.E.E.S. Liège, Technique et Humanisme 6, 279–294 (1954-1955)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Linsman, M., Pouliart, W.: La Machine mathématique IRSIA – FNRS, en construction à la Bell Telephone Mfg C. Industrie 8, 505–509 (1953)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Loeckx, J.: L’informatique en Belgique dans les années 1950 à 1970. Une rétrospective basée sur des réminiscences personnelles. Presses Universitaires de Namur, Namur (to appear, 2011) Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Manneback, C., Brillouin L.: Les machines mathématiques aux Etats-Unis. Archives Dockx, Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix, Namur, typed-script report (1947) Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mols, S., d’Udekem-Gevers, M.: Disseminating electronics: Bell Telephone and the emergence of electronic computing expertise in post-war Belgium, c1945-c1960. In: Histelcon Conference, Paris (2008) Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Randell, B. (ed.): The Origins of Digital Computers. Selected Papers, 2nd edn. Springer, Heidelberg (1975)MATHGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Randell, B., Xu, J.: The Evolution of the Recovery Block Concept. In: Lyu, M. (ed.) Software Fault Tolerance. Trends in Software, pp. 1–22. J. Wiley, Chichester (1994)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rojas, R.: How to make Zuse’s Z3 a universal computer. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 20(3), 51–54 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Storrer, F.: Amélioration du procédé de division utilisant l’itération de Newton-Raphson. Bull.Acad. Roy. Belg., Classe des Sc., 5e série, t. XLII, Bruxelles, pp. 30–33 (1956)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre-Jacques Courtois
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Information & Communication Technologies, Electronics & Applied Mathematics (ICTEAM)Université catholique de Louvain (UCL)Louvain-la-NeuveBelgium

Personalised recommendations