Combining Theories: The Ackerman and Guarded Fragments

  • Carlos Areces
  • Pascal Fontaine
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6989)


Combination of decision procedures is at the heart of Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) solvers. It provides ways to compose decision procedures for expressive languages which mix symbols from various decidable theories. Typical combinations include (linear) arithmetic, uninterpreted symbols, arrays operators, etc. In [7] we showed that any first-order theory from the Bernays-Schönfinkel-Ramsey fragment, the two variable fragment, or the monadic fragment can be combined with virtually any other decidable theory. Here, we complete the picture by considering the Ackermann fragment, and several guarded fragments. All theories in these fragments can be combined with other decidable (combinations of) theories, with only minor restrictions. In particular, it is not required for these other theories to be stably-infinite.


Modal Logic Decidable Theory Decision Procedure Atomic Formula Predicate Symbol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Areces
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pascal Fontaine
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.INRIA Nancy-Grand EstNancyFrance
  2. 2.FaMAF, Universidad Nacional de CórdobaCórdobaArgentina
  3. 3.Université de Nancy, LoriaNancyFrance

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