Advertisement

Validity of a Virtual Negotiation Training

  • Joost Broekens
  • Maaike Harbers
  • Willem-Paul Brinkman
  • Catholijn Jonker
  • Karel Van den Bosch
  • John-Jules Meyer
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6895)

Abstract

In this paper we present a rigorously setup VR negotiation training, including an intelligent virtual agent able to express emotion and to give explanations of its behavior. We discuss the measures we took to ensure the validity of the VR training. We also present a small scale experiment showing convergent validity of the VR training.

References

  1. 1.
    Broekens, J., Jonker, C., Meyer, J.-J.: Affective negotiation support systems. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments 2, 121–144 (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Broekens, J., Qu, C., Brinkman, W.-P.: Factors influencing user perception of affective facial expressions in virtual characters (submitted)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cassell, J., Bickmore, T.: Negotiated collusion: Modeling social language and its relationship effects in intelligent agents. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 13(1), 89–132 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Core, M., Traum, T., Lane, H., Swartout, W., Gratch, J., Van Lent, M.: Teaching negotiation skills through practice and reflection with virtual humans. Simulation 82(11), 685–701 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fisher, W.U.,, R., Patton, B.: Getting to yes: negotiating agreement without giving in. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (1991)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gomboc, D., Solomon, S., Core, M.G., Lane, H.C., van Lent, M.: Design recommendations to support automated explanation and tutoring. In: Proc. of BRIMS 2005, Universal City, CA (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Harbers, J. Broekens, v. d. Bosch, K., Meyer, J.-J.: Guidelines for developing explainable cognitive models. In: Proceedings of ICCM 2010, pp. 85–90 (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Johnson, L.: Agents that learn to explain themselves. In: Proceedings of the Conference on AI, pp. 1257–1263 (1994)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ortony, A., Clore, G.L., Collins, A.: The Cognitive Structure of Emotions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Reilly, W.S., Bates, J.: Natural negotiation for believable agents. Technical report (1995)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joost Broekens
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Maaike Harbers
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Willem-Paul Brinkman
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Catholijn Jonker
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Karel Van den Bosch
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • John-Jules Meyer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Utrecht UniversityThe Netherlands
  3. 3.TNO Human Factors SoesterbergThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations