A Model for Specifying Rationale Using an Architecture Description Language
Besides structural and behavioural properties, rationale plays a crucial role in defining the architecture of a software system. However, unlike other architectural features, rationale often remains unspecified and inaccessible to tools. Existing approaches for recording rationale are not widely adopted. This paper proposes a simple model for capturing rationales as part of an architecture specification and attaching them to elements in the architecture. The bi-directional links between rationales and elements enable forward and backward traceability. We describe a textual architecture description language named Grasp that implements this model, and illustrate its capabilities using an example.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Balasubramaniam, D., Silva, L.d., Jefferson, C., Kotthoff, L., Miguel, I., Nightingale, P.: Dominion: An architecture-driven approach to generating efficient constraint solvers. In: Proc. of the 9th Working IEEE/IFIP Conference on Software Architecture, p. 4 (2011)Google Scholar
- 2.Bosch, J.: Software architecture: The next step. In: Proc. of the 1st European Workshop on Software Architecture, pp. 194–199 (2003)Google Scholar
- 3.Burge, J.E., Brown, D.C.: SEURAT: integrated rationale management. In: Proc. of the 30th International Conference on Software Engineering, pp. 835–838 (2008)Google Scholar
- 4.Carignano, M.C., Gonnet, S., Leone, H.P.: A model to represent architectural design rationale. In: Proc. of WICSA/ECSA 2009, pp. 301–304 (2009)Google Scholar
- 5.ISO/IEC/IEEE: ISO/IEC 42010: Systems and Software Engineering – Architecture Description. ISO/IEEE (2009), (Draft: ISO/IEC WD4 42010)Google Scholar
- 6.Jansen, A., Bosch, J.: Software architecture as a set of architectural design decisions. In: Proc. of the 5th Working IEEE/IFIP Conference on Software Architecture, pp. 109–120 (2005)Google Scholar
- 8.Parr, T.: ANTLR Parser Generator (2011), http://www.antlr.org/
- 10.Savolainen, J., Kuusela, J.: Framework for goal driven system design. In: Proc. of the 26th International Computer Software and Applications Conference, pp. 749–756 (2002)Google Scholar
- 16.Zhu, L., Gorton, I.: UML profiles for design decisions and non-functional requirements. In: Proc. of the 2nd Workshop on SHAring and Reusing architectural Knowledge Architecture, Rationale, and Design Intent., p. 8 (2007)Google Scholar