Microbial Degradation of Alkanes

Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Petroleum hydrocarbons are introduced into the environment through excessive use of fuels and accidental spills during transportation and storage. Alkanes, a major fraction of crude oil, are saturated hydrocarbons and hence are chemically inert as non-polar molecules. However, a number of bacterial and fungal genera have been reported to degrade even high molecular weight alkanes in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The degradation process mainly involved enzymes such as methane monooxygenase (MMO), alkane hydroxylase and cytochrome P450 monooxygenase. Besides, a number of environmental factors affect the degradation of alkanes in soils.

Keywords

Petroleum Hydrocarbon Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenase Chain Alkane Methane Monooxygenase AlkB Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Sciences DivisionCSIR-National Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

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