Microbial Degradation of Plastics and Water-Soluble Polymers

Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Polymer chemistry began approximately 90 years ago, when Staudinger established the theoretical background from which commercial production of synthetic polymers arose. Synthetic polymers, especially solid ones known as plastics, have been at the forefront since World War II. Annual worldwide production of plastics amounts to more than 200 million tons. Synthetic polymers were originally designed to replace natural polymers, with the advantages of long life (no decay), better performance, plasticity of form, and low cost of production, dependent on cheap petroleum. However, public concern over the use of synthetic polymers has been increasing since the end of 1980s as plastic bags have been polluting the environment. Plastic bags can be found everywhere from the deep sea to the highest mountains and can cause serious environmental problems by threatening wildlife and destroying scenic areas.

Keywords

Synthetic Polymer Cyanophycin Granule Polypeptide Pycnoporus Cinnabarinus True Lipase Aromatic Copolyesters 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Nanomaterials and DevicesKyoto Institute of TechnologyKyotoJapan

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