Automatic Generation of Constraints for Partial Symmetry Breaking

  • Christopher Jefferson
  • Karen E. Petrie
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6876)


Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs) are often highly symmetric. Symmetries can give rise to redundant search, since subtrees may be explored which are symmetric to subtrees already explored. To avoid this redundant search, constraint programmers have designed methods, which try to exclude all but one in each equivalence class of solutions. One problem with many of the symmetry breaking methods that eliminate all the symmetry is that they can have a large running overhead. To counter this flaw many CP practitioners have looked for methods that only eliminate a subset of the symmetries, so called partial symmetry breaking methods, but do so in an efficient manner. Partial symmetry breaking methods often work only when the problem is of a certain type. In this paper, we introduce a new method of finding a small set of constraints which provide very efficient partial symmetry breaking. This method works with all problem classes and modelling techniques.


Symmetry Breaking Constraint Satisfaction Problem Partial Symmetry Balance Incomplete Block Design Symmetry Detection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Jefferson
    • 1
  • Karen E. Petrie
    • 2
  1. 1.Computer ScienceUniversity of St AndrewsUK
  2. 2.School of ComputingUniversity of DundeeUK

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