Estimation of Delivered Dose in Radiotherapy: The Influence of Registration Uncertainty
We present a probabilistic framework to estimate the accumulated radiation dose and the corresponding dose uncertainty that is delivered to important anatomical structures, e.g. the primary tumor and healthy surrounding organs, during radiotherapy. The dose uncertainty we report is a direct result of uncertainties in the estimates of the deformation which aligns the daily cone-beam CT images with the planning CT. The accumulated radiation dose is an important measure to monitor during treatment, in particular to see if it significantly deviates from the planned dose which might indicate that either the patient was not properly positioned before treatment or that the anatomy has changed due to the treatment. In the case of the latter, the treatment plan should be adaptively changed to align with the current patient anatomy. We estimate the accumulated dose distribution, and its uncertainty, retrospectively on a dataset acquired during treatment of cancer in the neck and show the dose distributions in the form of dose volume histograms.