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Optimizing Multi-deployment on Clouds by Means of Self-adaptive Prefetching

  • Bogdan Nicolae
  • Franck Cappello
  • Gabriel Antoniu
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6852)

Abstract

With Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) cloud economics getting increasingly complex and dynamic, resource costs can vary greatly over short periods of time. Therefore, a critical issue is the ability to deploy, boot and terminate VMs very quickly, which enables cloud users to exploit elasticity to find the optimal trade-off between the computational needs (number of resources, usage time) and budget constraints. This paper proposes an adaptive prefetching mechanism aiming to reduce the time required to simultaneously boot a large number of VM instances on clouds from the same initial VM image (multi-deployment). Our proposal does not require any foreknowledge of the exact access pattern. It dynamically adapts to it at run time, enabling the slower instances to learn from the experience of the faster ones. Since all booting instances typically access only a small part of the virtual image along almost the same pattern, the required data can be pre-fetched in the background. Large scale experiments under concurrency on hundreds of nodes show that introducing such a prefetching mechanism can achieve a speed-up of up to 35% when compared to simple on-demand fetching.

Keywords

Cloud Computing Access Pattern Local Disk IaaS Cloud Virtual Machine Image 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bogdan Nicolae
    • 1
  • Franck Cappello
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriel Antoniu
    • 3
  1. 1.INRIA SaclayFrance
  2. 2.University of Illinois at Urbana ChampaignUSA
  3. 3.INRIA Rennes Bretagne AtlantiqueFrance

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