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Speciation of Uranium in Seepage and Pore Waters of Heavy Metal-Contaminated Soil

  • Nils Baumann
  • Thuro Arnold
  • Martin Lonschinski
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 31)

Abstract

Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) is a very helpful tool with an extremely low detection limit for analyzing speciation of certain radioactive heavy metal ions like uranium(VI). Thus this technique is preferentially appropriate for detection of speciation from that ions in environmental relevant concentrations. So TRLFS can be useful in safety assessment concerning migration behavior of radioactive elements. In this chapter, TRLFS was used to analyze the uranium speciation in naturally occurring seepage water samples, and in soil water samples, all samples collected from test site “Gessenwiese” close to Ronneburg in Eastern Thuringia (Germany). This test site was installed as a part of a research program of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena for investigations within the area of recultivated former uranium mining heaps. The TRLFS measurements on water samples collected within test site Gessenwiese revealed that the uranium speciation in that seepage water is dominated by the hydrolyzed and monomer uranium(VI) sulfate species UO2SO4(aq). The results presented here are a convincing example for the suitability of TRFLS in analyzing the speciation of uranium from naturally occurring water samples with pH values between 3.2 and 4.0.

Keywords

Inductively Couple Plasma Mass Spectrometry Acid Mining Drainage Surface Water Sample Seepage Water Pore Water Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the EU for funding UMBRELLA, GA No 226870, project within FP7 topic “Recovery of degraded soil resources,” and the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), Project No 02NUK015F also for support, and E. Kothe and G. Büchel (both Friedrich-Schiller Universität Jena) for getting access to test site “Gessenwiese.”

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nils Baumann
    • 1
  • Thuro Arnold
    • 1
  • Martin Lonschinski
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für RadiochemieHelmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-RossendorfDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of GeosciencesFriedrich-Schiller UniversityJenaGermany

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