Approaches and Standards for Metadata Interoperability in Distributed Image Search and Retrieval

  • Ruben Tous
  • Jordi Nin
  • Jaime Delgado
  • Pere Toran
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6861)


This paper addresses the general problem of how building a distributed image search&retrieval system that copes with metadata heterogeneity. Firstly, We analyze the usage of metadata in current image repositories, the different metadata schemas for image description and their semantic relationships. After, we provide a general classification for the different approaches which provide a unified interface to search images hosted in different systems without degrading query expressiveness. This paper analyzes how these approaches can be implemented on top of the latest standards in the area, ISO/IEC 15938-12 (MPEG Query Format) for the query interface interoperability and ISO/IEC 24800 (JPSearch) for the definition and management of translations between metadata schemas. Finally, we provide insights into an example of a real distributed image search&retrieval system which provides real time access to Flickr, Picassa and Panoramio.


metadata interoperability image information retrieval standards jpsearch mpqf 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Adali, S., Candan, K.S., Papakonstantinou, Y., Subrahmanian, V.S.: Query caching and optimization in distributed mediator systems. In: SIGMOD Conference, pp. 137–148 (1996)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Amann, B., Beeri, C., Fundulaki, I., Scholl, M.O.: Ontology-Based Integration of XML Web Resources. In: Horrocks, I., Hendler, J. (eds.) ISWC 2002. LNCS, vol. 2342, pp. 117–131. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sudarshan, S., Chawathe, S.S., Hector, G.-M., Hammer, J., Ireland, K., Papakonstantinou, Y., Ullman, J.D., Widom, J.: The tsimmis project: Integration of heterogeneous information sources. In: IPSJ, pp. 7–18 (1994)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dbtune - serving music-related rdf since (2007),
  5. 5.
    Döller, M., Tous, R., Gruhne, M., Yoon, K., Sano, M., Burnett, I.S.: The MPEG Query Format: On the Way to Unify the Access to Multimedia Retrieval Systems. IEEE Multimedia 15(4) (2008); ISSN: 1070-986XGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Duschka, O.M., Genesereth, M.R.: Answering recursive queries using views. In: PODS 1997: Proceedings of the Sixteenth ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD-SIGART Symposium on Principles of Database Systems, pp. 109–116. ACM Press, New York (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Schandl, B., et al.: Linked data and multimedia: The state of affairs. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 1–34 (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bizer, C., et al.: Dbpedia - a crystallization point for the web of data. J. Web Sem. 7(3), 154–165 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gergatsoulis, M., Bountouri, L., Gaitanou, P., Papatheodorou, C.: Query Transformation in a CIDOC CRM Based Cultural Metadata Integration Environment. In: Lalmas, M., Jose, J., Rauber, A., Sebastiani, F., Frommholz, I. (eds.) ECDL 2010. LNCS, vol. 6273, pp. 38–45. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gruhne, M., Tous, R., Döller, M., Delgado, J., Kosch, H.: MP7QF: An MPEG-7 Query Format. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Automated Production of Cross Media Content for Multi-Channel Distribution (AXMEDIS 2007), Barcelona, Spain, pp. 15–18 (November 2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Haas, L.M., Kossmann, D., Wimmers, E.L., Yang, J.: Optimizing queries across diverse data sources. In: Proceedings of the Twenty-third International Conference on Very Large Databases, pp. 276–285. VLDB Endowment, Athens (1997), Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Halevy, A.Y., Rajaraman, A., Ordille, J.J.: Querying heterogeneous information sources using source descriptions. In: Proceedings of the Twenty-Second International Conference on Very Large Databases, Bombay, India, pp. 251–262. VLDB Endowment, Saratoga (1996), Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ISO/IEC 15938-12:2008 Information Technology - Multimedia Content Description Interface - Part 12: Query Format (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ISO/IEC 24800-3:2010 Information technology - JPSearch - Part 3: JPSearch Query format (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ISO/IEC 24800-2:2011 Information technology - JPSearch - Part 2: Registration, identification and management of schema and ontology (2011)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    The linked movie database (linkedmdb),
  17. 17.
    Manolescu, I., Florescu, D., Kossmann, D.K.: Answering XML queries over heterogeneous data sources. In: Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Very Large Data Bases, pp. 241–250 (2001)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Deviantart webpage,
  19. 19.
    Flickr webpage,
  20. 20.
    Panoramio webpage,
  21. 21.
    Photobucket webpage,
  22. 22.
    Picasa webpage,
  23. 23.
    ISO/IEC 15938 Version 2. Information Technology - Multimedia Content Description Interface, MPEG-7 (2004)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Seligman, L., Mork, P., Halevy, A., Smith, K., Carey, M., Chen, K., Wolf, C., Madhavan, J., Kannan, A., Burdick, D.: Openii: an open source information integration toolkit. In: ACM Int. Conf. on Management of data (SIGMOD), pp. 1057–1059 (2010)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tous, R., Delgado, J.: Advanced Meta-Search of News in the Web. In: 6th International ICCC/IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing (elPub 2002), Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic (November 2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruben Tous
    • 1
  • Jordi Nin
    • 1
  • Jaime Delgado
    • 1
  • Pere Toran
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC BarcelonaTech)BarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations