Sustainable Agriculture in China: Estimation and Reduction of Nitrogen Impacts

  • Günther Fischer
  • Wilfried Winiwarter
  • Tatiana Ermolieva
  • Gui-Ying Cao
  • Harrij van Velthuizen
  • Zbigniew Klimont
  • Wolfgang Schoepp
  • Wim van Veen
  • David Wiberg
  • Fabian Wagner
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series (LNE, volume 658)


In this chapter we present an integrated model for long term and geographically explicit planning of agricultural activities to meet demands under resource constraints and ambient targets. Environmental, resource and production feasibility indicators permit estimating impacts of agricultural practices on environment to guide agricultural policies regarding production allocation, intensification, and fertilizer application while accounting for local constraints. Physical production potentials of land are incorporated in the model, together with demographic and socio-economic variables and behavioral drivers to reflect spatial distribution of demands and production intensification levels. The application of the model is demonstrated with a case study of nitrogen accounting at the level of China counties. We discuss current intensification trends and estimate the ranges of agricultural impacts on China’s environment under plausible pollution mitigation scenarios with a particular focus on nitrogen sources and losses.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Günther Fischer
    • 1
  • Wilfried Winiwarter
    • 3
    • 4
  • Tatiana Ermolieva
    • 1
  • Gui-Ying Cao
    • 1
  • Harrij van Velthuizen
    • 1
  • Zbigniew Klimont
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Schoepp
    • 1
  • Wim van Veen
    • 2
  • David Wiberg
    • 1
  • Fabian Wagner
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria
  2. 2.Centre for World Food StudiesVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.International Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria
  4. 4.AIT Austrian Institute of TechnologyViennaAustria

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