A Concept Discovery Approach for Fighting Human Trafficking and Forced Prostitution
Since the fall of the Iron curtain starting in 1989 in Hungary, millions of Central and Eastern European girls and women have been forced to work in the European sex industry (estimated 175,000 to 200,000 yearly. In this paper, we present our work with the Amsterdam-Amstelland (Netherlands) police to find suspects and victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. 266,157 suspicious activity reports were filed by police officers between 2005 and 2009 that contain their observations made during a police patrol, motor vehicle inspection, etc. We used FCA to filter out interesting persons for further investigation and used the temporal variant of FCA to create a visual profile of these persons, their evolution over time and their social environment. We exposed multiple cases of forced prostitution where sufficient indications were available to obtain the permission from the Public Prosecutor to use special investigation techniques. This resulted in a confirmation of their involvement in human trafficking and forced prostitution resulting in actual arrestments being made.
KeywordsDomestic Violence Human Trafficking Concept Lattice Public Prosecutor Formal Concept Analysis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Bovenkerk, F., Van San, M., Boone, M., Van Solinge, T.B., Korf, D.J.: Loverboys of modern pooierschap in Amsterdam. Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafwetenschappen, Utrecht (December 2004)Google Scholar
- 3.Elzinga, P., Poelmans, J., Viaene, S., Dedene, G., Morsing, S.: Terrorist threat assessment with Formal Concept Analysis. In: Proc. IEEE International Conf. on Intelligence and Security Informatics, Vancouver, Canada, May 23-26, pp. 77–82 (2010)Google Scholar
- 4.Equality Division, Directorate General of Human Rights of the Council of Europe, Action against trafficking in human beings: prevention, protection and prosecution. In: Proceedings of the Regional Seminar, Bucharest, Romania (April 4-5, 2006)Google Scholar
- 6.Hughes, D.M.: The “Natasha” Trade: The transnational shadow market of trafficking in women. Journal of international affairs, 53(2) (Spring 2000)Google Scholar
- 7.Hughes, D.M., Denisova, T.: Trafficking in women from Ukraine U.S. Department of Justice research report (2003)Google Scholar
- 8.O’Neill, R.A.: International trafficking to the United States: a contemporary manifestation of slavery and organized crime- and intelligence monograph. Exceptional Intelligence Analyst Program, Washington, DC (1999)Google Scholar
- 12.Poelmans, J., Elzinga, P., Viaene, S., Dedene, G.: Concept Discovery Innovations in Law Enforcement: a Perspective. In: IEEE Computational Intelligence in Networks and Systems Workshop (INCos 2010), Thesalloniki, Greece (2010)Google Scholar
- 13.Shelley, L.: Human trafficking: defining the problem. Organized crime watch-Russia 1(2) (February 1999)Google Scholar
- 14.Scharfe, H., Oehrstrom, P., Gyori, M.: A Conceptual Analysis of Difficult Situations – developing systems for teenagers with ASD. In: Suppl. Proc. Of the 17th Int. Conf. On Conceptual Structures (ICCS), Moscow, Russia (2009)Google Scholar
- 15.U.S. Department of State (2008) Trafficking in persons report. http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2008 (retrieved on 26-12-2010)
- 16.United Nations, Economic and social council, Economic causes of trafficking in women in the Unece region. Regional Preparatory Meeting, 10-year review of implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action (December 14-15, 2004)Google Scholar
- 17.Viaene, S., De Hertogh, S., Lutin, L., Maandag, A., den Hengst, S., Doeleman, R.: Intelligence-led policing at the Amsterdam-Amstelland police department: operationalized business intelligence with an enterprise ambition. Intelligent systems in accounting, finance and management 16(4), 279–292 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar