On the Rainbow Connectivity of Graphs: Complexity and FPT Algorithms
For a graph G = (V,E) and a color set C, let f: E → C be an edge-coloring of G which is not necessarily proper. Then, the graph G edge-colored by f is rainbow connected if every two vertices of G has a path in which all edges are assigned distinct colors. Chakraborty et al. defined the problem of determining whether the graph colored by a given edge-coloring is rainbow connected. Chen et al. introduced the vertex-coloring version of the problem as a variant, and we introduce the total-coloring version in this paper. We settle the precise computational complexities of all the three problems from two viewpoints, namely, graph diameters and certain graph classes. We also give FPT algorithms for the three problems on general graphs when parameterized by the number of colors in C; these results imply that all the three problems can be solved in polynomial time for any graph with n vertices if |C| = O( logn).
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- 5.Chen, L., Li, X., Shi, Y.: The complexity of determining the rainbow vertex-connection of graphs, arXiv:1101.3126v1 (submitted on January 17, 2011)Google Scholar