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Impact of Climate Change in Bangladesh: Water Logging at South-West Coast

  • Md. Moniruzzaman
Chapter
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)

Abstract

Bangladesh is a densely populated, agriculture-based country and is recognized as one of the areas most vulnerable to the impacts of global warming and climate change. This is due to its unique geographic location, dominance of floodplains, low elevation, high population density, high levels of poverty, and overwhelming dependence on nature for its resources and services. The country experiences severe flood and cyclone events and, in recent years, water logging has become a catastrophic problem along the coast. These coastal areas play important economic and environmental roles in the country. The present paper attempts to show the extent of water logged areas, caused by sea level rise and the sectoral impacts of settlement, agriculture, health and education in the south-western coastal areas of Bangladesh. A multi-temporal analysis method has been used with remote sensing (LandSat 1975 and LandSat 2010) data. SRTM data has been used to visualize the water logged areas attractively. To the Government of Bangladesh, NGOs, policymakers, planners and other interested parties it is important to measure and monitor present issues and to predict the future impacts of climate change. This will help to facilitate effective management and is particularly important where a large number of people are threatened. In this regard the present study is expected to be useful and will have strong implications in coastal planning and other climate change adaptation measures.

Keywords

Global warming Sea level rise Floodplain Remote sensing 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Moniruzzaman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Environmental StudiesRajshahi UniversityRajshahiBangladesh
  2. 2.GI TechnologyMuenster UniversityMuensterGermany

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