From Reputation Models and Systems to Reputation Ontologies

  • Rehab Alnemr
  • Christoph Meinel
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 358)


Reputation has been explored in diverse disciplines such as artificial intelligence, electronic commerce, peer-to-peer network, and multi-agent systems. Recently it has been a vital component for ensuring trust in web services and service oriented architectures domains. Although there are several studies on reputation systems as well as reputation models, there is no study that covers reputation ontologies especially the ones implemented using standardized frameworks like semantic technologies. In this paper, we show the evolution towards reputation ontologies and investigate existing ones in the domains of multi-agent systems, web services, and online markets. We define the requirements for developing a reputation ontology and use them to analyze some of the existing ontologies. The components and functionalities of reputation models and systems are described briefly and the importance of developing and using reputation ontologies is highlighted within the emergence of the Semantic Web and Semantic Web services.


Reputation Reputation Models and Systems Ontology Reputation Ontologies Semantic Web 


  1. 1.
    Reputation-based Systems: a security analysis (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Abdul-Rahman, A., Hailes, S.: Supporting trust in virtual communities. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, vol. 6. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (2000)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alnemr, R., Bross, J., Meinel, C.: Constructing a context-aware service-oriented reputation model using attention allocation points. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Service Computing (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Alnemr, R., König, S., Eymann, T., Meinel, C.: Enabling usage control through reputation objects: A discussion on e-commerce and the internet of services environments. Special issue of Trust and Trust Management, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alnemr, R., Paschke, A., Meinel, C.: Enabling reputation interoperability through semantic technologies. In: ACM International Conference on Semantic Systems. ACM, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alnemr, R., Quasthoff, M., Meinel, C.: Taking Trust Management to the Next Level. Handbook of Research on P2P and Grid Systems for Service-Oriented Computing: Models, Methodologies and ApplicationsGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Balmer, J.M.T., Greyser, S.A. (eds.): Revealing the corporation. Routledge, New York (2003) ISBN:0415284201, Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., Lassila, O.: The semantic web. Scientific American Magazine (May 17, 2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Carbone, M., Nielsen, M., Sassone, V.: A formal model for trust in dynamic networks. In: Proc. of International Conference on Software Engineering and Formal Methods, pp. 54–63 (2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cardoso, J., Sheth, A.P., Miller, J.A., Arnold, J., Kochut, K.: Quality of service for workflows and web service processes. J. Web Sem (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Casare, S., Sichman, J.: Towards a functional ontology of reputation. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, p. 505 (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chang, E., Hussain, F.K., Dillon, T.: Reputation ontology for reputation systems. In: Meersman, R., Tari, Z., Herrero, P. (eds.) OTM 2006 Workshops. LNCS, vol. 4278, pp. 1724–1733. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dellarocas, C.: Reputation mechanisms (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Esfandiari, B., Chandrasekharan, S.: On how agents make friends: Mechanisms for trust acquisition (2001)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fullam, K.K., Klos, T.B., Muller, G., Sabater, J., Schlosser, A., Topol, Z., Barber, K.S., Rosenschein, J.S., Vercouter, L., Voss, M.: A specification of the agent reputation and trust (ART) testbed: Experimentation and competition for trust in agent societies. In: The 4th International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (2005)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Grÿninger, M., Fox, M.S.: Methodology for the design and evaluation of ontologies. Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing (1995)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jøsang, A.: A logic for uncertain probabilities. Int. J. Uncertain. Fuzziness Knowl.-Based Syst. 9, 279–311 (2001)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jøsang, A., Ismail, R., Boyd, C.: A survey of trust and reputation systems for online service provision. Decision Support Systems, 618–644 (2007)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kashyap, V., Bussler, C., Moran, M.: The Semantic Web, Semantics for Data and Services on the Web. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liu, Y., Ngu, A.H., Zeng, L.Z.: Qos computation and policing in dynamic web service selection. In: Proceedings of the 13th international World Wide Web conference, pp. 66–73. ACM, New York (2004)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Maximilien, E.M., Singh, M.P.: An ontology for web service ratings and reputations (2003)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    McGuinness, D.L.: Ontologies come of age. In: Spinning the Semantic Web: Bringing the World Wide Web to Its Full Potential. MIT Press, Cambridge (2003)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mui, L., Mohtashemi, M., Halberstadt, A.: A computational model of trust and reputation for e-businesses. In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2002. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (2002)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mui, L., Halberstadt, A., Mohtashemi, M.: Evaluating reputation in multi-agents systems. In: Falcone, R., Barber, S.K., Korba, L., Singh, M.P. (eds.) AAMAS 2002. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 2631, pp. 123–137. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Nardin, L.G., Brandao, A.A.F., Sichman, J.S., Vercouter, L.: An ontology mapping service to support agent reputation models interoperability. In: 11th Workshop on Trust in Agent Societies, Estoril, Portugal (2008)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Paschke, A., Alnemr, R., Meinel, C.: The rule responder distributed reputation management system for the semantic web. In: RuleML-2010 Challenge, Washington DC, USA. ACM, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pinto, H.S., Martins: Ontologies: How can they be built? Knowl. Inf. Syst. 6, 441–464 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pinyol, I., Sabater-Mir, J., Cuni, G.: How to talk about reputation using a common ontology: From definition to implementation. In: Proceedings of the Ninth Workshop on Trust in Agent Societies, Hawaii, USA, pp. 90–101 (2007)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Conte, R., Paolucci, M.: Reputation in Artificial Societies. Social Beliefs for Social Order (2002)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Resnick, P., Kuwabara, K., Zeckhauser, R., Friedman, E.: Reputation systems. Commun. ACM, 45–48 (2000)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Resnick, P., Zeckhauser, R.: Trust among strangers in Internet transactions: Empirical analysis of eBay’s reputation system. In: The Economics of the Internet and E-Commerce, pp. 127–157 (2002)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sabater, J., Paolucci, M., Conte, R.: REPAGE: REPutation & imAGE among limited autonomous partners. Artificial Societies & Social Simulation Jour. (2006)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sabater, J., Sierra, C.: Regret: reputation in gregarious societies. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Autonomous Agents, AGENTS 2001, pp. 194–195. ACM, New York (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Sabater, J., Sierra, C.: Review on computational trust and reputation models. Artif. Intell. Rev. 24, 33–60 (2005)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Schnjakin, M., Alnemr, R., Meinel, C.: A security and high-availability layer for cloud storage. In: The 2nd Int. Workshop on Cloud Information System Engineering (Springer CISE 2010) (2010)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sen, S., Sajja, N.: Robustness of reputation-based trust: boolean case. In: Proceedings of the First International Joint Conference On Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, AAMAS 2002, pp. 288–293. ACM, New York (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Valente, A.: Legal Knowledge Engineering- A modeling Approach (1995)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Vercouter, L., Casare, S.J., Sichman, J.S., Brandão, A.A.F.: An experience on reputation models interoperability based on a functional ontology. In: Proceedings of the 20th International Joint Conference on Artifical Intelligence, San Francisco, CA, USA, pp. 617–622 (2007)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Whitby, A., Jøsang, A., Indulska, J.: Filtering out unfair ratings in bayesian reputation systems (2004)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Yu, B., Singh, M.P.: An evidential model of distributed reputation management. In: Proceedings of the First International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, AAMAS 2002, pp. 294–301. ACM, USA (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Federation for Information Processing 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rehab Alnemr
    • 1
  • Christoph Meinel
    • 1
  1. 1.Hasso Plattner InstitutePotsdam UniversityGermany

Personalised recommendations