Advertisement

Contribution of Mineral and Tap Water to the Dietary Intake of As, B, Cu, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb, U and Zn by Humans

  • Rula Hassoun
  • Ewald Schnug
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

This paper reports on the contribution of mineral and tap water to the dietary intake of As, B, Cu, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb, U and Zn by humans in order to identify potential hazards from contaminations with these elements through fertilizer use in agriculture. Part of the research work presented is the development of standardized diet types as bias-free data background for the human exposure to As, B, Cu, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb, U and Zn through solid food. The average contribution of drinking water to the total daily intake was highest for U (64.7%) followed by Li (24.3%), Cu (4.65%) Zn (2.40%), B (2.20%), Pb (1,77%), Ni (1.72%), As (1.00%) and was lowest for Mo (0.23%).

Keywords

Daily Intake Solid Food Food Category Tolerable Daily Intake Mineralized Bottle Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Anonym (2010) The Nutrition Source, Healthy Eating Pyramid. http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/pyramid/ and http://www.dietbites.com/FDApyramid.gif.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous (2011) Lithium dosage. http://bipolar-disorder.emedtv.com/lithium/lithium-dosage.html.Google Scholar
  3. Eastwood M (2003) Principles of human nutrition. 2. ed. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN: 978-0-632-05811-2.Google Scholar
  4. Ekardt F, Schnug E (2009) Legal aspects of uranium in environmental compartments. In: De Kok LJ, Schnug E (2008) Loads and fate of fertilizer derived uranium. Backhuys, Leiden, The Netherlands, 209–216.Google Scholar
  5. EFSA (2009a) Scientific opinion of the panel on contaminants in the food chain on a request from German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) on uranium in food stuff, in particular mineral water. The EFSA Journal 1018, 1–59. Question number: EFSA-Q-2007-135.Google Scholar
  6. EFSA (2009b) Scientific Opinion on Arsenic in Food. The EFSA Journal 1351, 77–99. Question number: EFSA-Q-2008-425.Google Scholar
  7. Hassoun R (in prep.) A statistical evaluation of the contribution of mineral and tap water to the dietary intake of As, B, Cu, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb, U and Zn by humans. Diss. Fak. f. Lebenswissenschaften TU Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig.Google Scholar
  8. Knolle F, Birke M, Hassoun R, Schnug E (2011) Uranium in German mineral waters – occurrence and origins. This volume.Google Scholar
  9. Kratz S, Godlinski F, Schnug E (2011) Heavy metal loads to agricultural soils from the application of commercial phosphorus fertilizers in Germany and their contribution to background concentration in soils. This volume.Google Scholar
  10. Smidt GA, Landes FC, de Carvalho LM, Koschnisky A, Schnug E, (2011) Cadmium and uranium in German and Brazilian phosphorous fertilizers. This volume.Google Scholar
  11. Smidt GA, Hassoun R, Birke M, Erdinger L, Schäf M, Knolle F, Utermann J, Duijnisveld WHM, Schnug E (2011) Uranium in German tap and groundwater – occurrence and origins. This volume.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rula Hassoun
    • 1
  • Ewald Schnug
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Life SciencesTechnical University BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany

Personalised recommendations