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The Mean Hydraulic Residence Time and Its Use for Assessing the Longevity of Mine Water Pollution from Flooded Underground Mines

  • Michael Paul
  • Thomas Metschies
  • Marcus Frenzel
  • Jürgen Meyer
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

The prediction of water quality trends, and the forecast of the longevity of mine water pollution are of tremendous importance for strategic decision making and long-term budget planning for water management and treatment in the wake of mine flooding. Numerical simulation tools are able to consider the influence of a huge variety of processes and parameters, however, simple and straightforward methods are sometimes necessary to apply, either for a quick estimate or due to the lack of resources and/or input data. The paper describes a simple approach for assessing the long term water quality of flooded underground mines based on very generic hydraulic data namely the mean hydraulic residence time as a key parameter. The comparison with long term monitoring data for some of Wismut’s flooded underground uranium mines will be used to demonstrate the usefulness, but also the constraints of this approach.

Keywords

Mine Water Arsenic Concentration Uranium Concentration Hydraulic Residence Time Flooding Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Brusseau ML (1996) Evaluation of Simple Methods for Estimation Contaminant Removal by Flushing. Ground Water, Vol. 34, No. 1: 19–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Metschies T et al. (2010) Modelling of the hydraulic behaviour of deep mines in regional aquifer systems. Proceedings of the International Mine Water Association Symposium 2010, Sydney/Canada. CBU Press, Cape Breton.Google Scholar
  3. Younger PL, Banwart SA, Hedin RS (2002) Mine Water – Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Paul
    • 1
  • Thomas Metschies
    • 1
  • Marcus Frenzel
    • 1
  • Jürgen Meyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Wismut GmbHChemnitzGermany

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