Radiological Impact Assessment of Mining Activities in the Wonderfonteinspruit Catchment Area, South Africa

  • Rainer Barthel
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


An assessment of radiological impacts of gold mining activities in the Wonderfonteinspruit Catchment Area (WCA) was carried out on behalf of the National Nuclear Regulator (NNR) of South Africa. The radiological risks in the WCA comprise both the effects of current mine water discharges and diffuse emissions of seepage and runoff from slimes dams, as well as legacies of past radioactive discharges, now present as radionuclides stored in sediments and soils.


Radioactive Contamination Exposure Pathway Gamma Dose Rate Diffuse Emission Radiological Risk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. CNS (1997) Licensing Guide LG1032, Guideline on the assessment of radiological hazards to members of the public from mining and minerals processing facilities (Rev. 0), Council for Nuclear Safety of the RSAGoogle Scholar
  2. Coetzee H, Winde F, Wade PW (2006) An assessment of sources, pathways, mechanisms and risks of current and potential future pollution of water and sediments in gold-mining areas of the Wonderfonteinspruit catchment, Water Research Commission Report No. 1214/1/06Google Scholar
  3. IAEA (2001) Generic models for use in assessing the impact of discharges of radioactive substances to the environment, Safety Reports Series No. 19, Vienna, 2001Google Scholar
  4. IWQS (1999) Report on the radioactivity monitoring programme in the Mooi River (Wonderfonteinspruit) catchment; Institute for Water Quality Studies, Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, July 1999Google Scholar
  5. RPC (2006) Guideline for the evaluation of radiation exposures from environmental pollution caused by mining activities (Evaluation Guideline – Mining), Radiation Protection Commission (Germany), Rev. 06(1846)SSK/A3-183/U2 per 2006-11-13Google Scholar
  6. Wade PW, Woodborne S, Morris WM, Vos P, Jarvis NV (2002) Tier 1 risk assessment of selected radionuclides in sediments of the Mooi River catchment; Water Research Commission Report No. 1095/1/02Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Barthel
    • 1
  1. 1.Brenk Systemplanung GmbHAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations