License Procedure for Uranium Recovery from Talvivaara Deposit, Eastern Finland

  • Ari Luukkonen
  • Esko Ruokola
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


Since 2007, Talvivaara Mining Company has held permits to exploit black schist hosted Ni-Zn-Cu-Co sulfide deposit that is one of the largest in Europe. In 2010, the company conducted an evaluation on the environmental impacts of U production. The company will need a license to produce U concentrate. The application was submitted to Finnish Government in April 2010. The licensing process is expected to be accomplished during 2011. Commissioning of the U recovery facility is subject to Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority approval.


Environmental Impact Assessment License Process Uranium Recovery License Procedure Recovery Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Loukola-Ruskeeniemi K (1991a) Suomen proterotsooisten mustaliuskeiden uraanipitoisuudesta (in Finnish). Geol. Surv. Finl. M19/3344/-91/1/30Google Scholar
  2. Loukola-Ruskeeniemi K (1991b) Geochemical evidence for the hydrothermal origin of sulphur, base metals and gold in Proterozoic metamorphosed black shales, Kainuu and Outokumpu areas, Finland. Mineralium Deposita 26:152–164Google Scholar
  3. Loukola-Ruskeeniemi K (1990) Karelidien mustaliuskeiden hiili- ja rikkipitoisuudet kerrostumisympäristön kuvastajina (in Finnish with English summary). Geologi 42:95–101Google Scholar
  4. Loukola-Ruskeeniemi K (1988) Early Proterozoic metamorphosed black shales in the Kainuu schist belt and in the Outokumpu region. Geol. Surv. Finl., Special Paper 10:103–106Google Scholar
  5. Loukola-Ruskeeniemi K, Heino T (1996) Geochemistry and genesis of the black shale-hosted Ni-Cu-Zn deposit at Talvivaara, Finland. Econ. Geol. 91:80–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Peltola E (1968) On some geochemical features in the black schists of the Outokumpu area, Finland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland 40:39–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Peltola E (1960) On the black schists in the Outokumpu region in Eastern Finland. Bull. Comm. geol. Finlande 192Google Scholar
  8. Talvivaara Mining Company Plc (2010) Annual results review 2010Google Scholar
  9. Vine J, Tourtelot E (1970) Geochemistry of black shale deposits – A summary report. Econ. Geol. 65:253–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ari Luukkonen
    • 1
  • Esko Ruokola
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiation and Nuclear Safety AuthorityHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations