Environmental Impact of the Kadji-Sai Uranium Tailing Site, Kyrgyzstan

  • Zheenbek Kulenbekov
  • Broder J. Merkel
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


Radioactive waste and tailings of the former Kadji-Sai uranium mine in north eastern Kyrgyzstan and treatment plant are a severe environmental concern. In 2009 and 2010 hydrochemical in-situ measurements were carried out and laboratory investigations of surface and ground water were performed. Concentrations of uranium in natural springs, wells, and lake water were found to be above guideline values of WHO. The average gamma radiation at the area of interest is 2.6 mSv/y, however, at one point of the tailing site a gamma dose of 29.9 mSv/y was read.


Uranium Concentration Uranium Mining Gamma Dose Equivalent Dose Rate Terminal Lake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bernhard G, Geipel G, Brendler V, Nitsche H (1998) Uranium speciation in waters of different uranium mining areas. J Alloys and Compounds: 201–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Garrison Investigative Board (1977) Water quality report (Appendix A). Garrison: 389–403Google Scholar
  3. Langmuir D (1978) Uranium-mineral equilibrium at low temperatures with applications to sedimentary ore deposits. Geochemica Cosmochemica Acta 42: 547–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Merkel B & Sperling B (1998): Hydrogeochemische Stoffsysteme II. DVWK Schriftenreihe: 117Google Scholar
  5. Neves O, Abreu M, Vicente E (2008) Uptake of Uranium by Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in Natural Uranium Contaminated Soils in Order to Assess Chemical Risk for Consumers. Water Air Soil Pollut 195: 73–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Romanovsky V (2002) Water level variations and water balance of the Lake Issyk-Kul. Klerkx J, Imanackunov B, Lake Issyk-Kul: Its Natural Environment. NATO Science Series: 45–57Google Scholar
  7. Tynybekov AK, Kulenbekov ZhE, Aliev MS (2008) Radiological investigation and ecological risk of southern coastal section of Lake Issyk-Kul. Fifth International Conference Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology (UMH V) Freiberg, Springer, Germany: 477–486Google Scholar
  8. Torgoev I, Aleshin Y, Havenith HB (2002) Impact of Uranium Mining and Processing on the Environment of Mountainous Areas of Kyrgyzstan. Uranium in the Aquatic Environment. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg: 93–98Google Scholar
  9. World Health Organization (2003) Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water QualityGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zheenbek Kulenbekov
    • 1
  • Broder J. Merkel
    • 1
  1. 1.TU Bergakademie FreibergFreiberg/Sa.Germany

Personalised recommendations