Advertisement

Marie Curie and the Discovery of Radium

  • Fernando P. Carvalho
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

Marie Curie gave outstanding contributions to science and society that were recognized still in her lifetime. In particular, the discovery of radium completely changed the therapeutic methods for treatment of cancer and other diseases, and allowed the development of radiotherapy and nuclear medicine. Radium was also used in many non-medical applications. Radium applications fostered the growth of uranium mining industry during the first half of 20th century. During the second half of the past century, with developments of artificial radionuclides production and particle physics, radium was gradually replaced by shorter-lived radionuclides and electron and photon beams in cancer therapy. In the 70s and 80s most radium sources in cancer hospitals were replaced while in non-medical applications radium had been substituted already. Notwithstanding, the avenue for medical use of radioactivity and radionuclides opened with Marie Curie discoveries and radium applications still goes on. This avenue is currently pursued in curietherapy and nuclear medicine.

Keywords

Marie Curie Radium Isotope Radium Institute Radium Application Metallic Uranium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abbé R (1904): The subtle power of radium. Med Record, New York 66:321.Google Scholar
  2. Curie E. (1938): Madame Curie. Editions Gallimard, Paris. New-edition 2010.Google Scholar
  3. Curie M. (1921): The discovery of radium. Address by Madame M. Curie at Vassar College 14 May 1921. Ellen S. Richards Monographs, No 2, Vassar College.Google Scholar
  4. Curie P. & Curie M. (1898): Sur une substance nouvelle radio-active contenue dans la pechblende. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des Sciences. 127:175–178.Google Scholar
  5. Curie P., Curie M, Bemont G. (1898): Sur une nouvelle substance fortement radio-active contenue dans la pechblende. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des Sciences. 127:1215–1218.Google Scholar
  6. Curie M. (1911): Radium and the new concepts of chemistry. Nobel Conference Lecture, Stockholm. 11 1911.Google Scholar
  7. Curie M. (1912): Les mésures en radioactivité et l’etalon du radium. J. Phys 5th Series 2:795–798.Google Scholar
  8. Danlos H & Bloch P (1901): Note sur le traitement du lupus erythemateux par des applications du radium. Ann Dermatol and Syphilog: 986–988.Google Scholar
  9. Eisenberg R(1992): Radiology: an illustrated history. Mosby Year Book, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Fevrier (2011): L’ héritage Marie Curie. Les dossiers de la Recherche, N 42, Fevrier 2011, Paris.Google Scholar
  11. IAEA (2005): Environmental Contamination from Uranium Production facilities and their Remediation. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Lisbon, 11–13 February 2004. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2005.Google Scholar
  12. IAEA (2009): Clinical Translation of Radiolabelled Monoclonal Antibodies and Peptides. IAEA Human Health Series No. 8. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2009.Google Scholar
  13. Mould R F (2007): Radium History Mosaic. Nowotwory Journal Oncology (Warsaw), Supp. 4, Vol 57.Google Scholar
  14. NN (2011): Chemistry International, Vol 33, no 1. (www.iupac.org/publications/ci/index.html).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando P. Carvalho
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiological Safety and Protection E.N. 10Nuclear and Technological Institute (ITN)SacavémPortugal

Personalised recommendations