Monitoring and Control in a Spatially Structured Population Model
In the paper methods of Mathematical Systems Theory are applied to the dynamical analysis of a harvested population with a reserve area. Although the methodology also applies to rather general spatially structured populations, for a concrete interpretation, we consider a fish population living in a free fishing area and in a reserved area, with migration between them. Using a fishing effort model based on logistic growth in both areas, from the catch, by the construction of an auxiliary system called observer, we dynamically estimate the total fish stock. A similar method also applies to the case of a changing environment, when there is a time-dependent abiotic environmental effect described by an additional exosystem. Furthermore, we also consider the problem of steering the population into a desired new equilibrium. To this end an optimal control problem is set up, which is numerically solved using an optimal control toolbox developed for MatLab.
Keywordsspatially structured population fishing effort model observer system equilibrium control
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