When Off-Task is On-Task: The Affective Role of Off-Task Behavior in Narrative-Centered Learning Environments

  • Jennifer Sabourin
  • Jonathan P. Rowe
  • Bradford W. Mott
  • James C. Lester
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6738)

Abstract

Off-task behavior is the subject of increasing interest in the AI in Education community. This paper reports on an investigation of the role of off-task behavior in narrative-centered learning environments by examining its interactions with student learning gains and affect. Results from an empirical study of students interacting with the Crystal Island environment indicate that off-task behavior generally has negative impacts on learning. However, further analyses of students’ affective transitions suggest that some students may be using off-task behavior as a strategy to regulate negative emotions.

Keywords

Narrative-centered learning environments off-task behavior affect 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R., Wagner, A.Z.: Off-Task Behavior in the Cognitive Tutor Classroom: When Students “Game the System”. In: Proc. of the ACM Conf. on Computer-Human Interaction, pp. 383–390 (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baker, R.S., D’Mello, S.K., Rodrigo, M.M.T., Graesser, A.C.: Better to Be Frustrated than Bored: The Incidence, Persistence, and Impact of Learners’ Cognitive-Affective States during Interactions with Three Different Computer-Based Learning Environments. Intl. Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 68(4), 223–241 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rowe. J., McQuiggan, S., Robison, J., Lester, J.: Off-Task Behavior in Narrative-Centered Learning Environments. In: Proc. of the 14th Intl. Conf. on AI in Education, pp. 99–106 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D’Mello, S., Taylor, R.S., Graesser, A.: Monitoring Affective Trajectories During Complex Learning. In: Proc. of the 29th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, pp. 203–208 (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Sabourin
    • 1
  • Jonathan P. Rowe
    • 1
  • Bradford W. Mott
    • 1
  • James C. Lester
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations